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Tuesday, July 28, 2020 | History

2 edition of Observations and experimental investigations in epidemic influenza found in the catalog.

Observations and experimental investigations in epidemic influenza

Lister, Spencer Sir

Observations and experimental investigations in epidemic influenza

by Lister, Spencer Sir

  • 38 Want to read
  • 22 Currently reading

Published by Published by the Institute in Johannesburg .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Influenza.

  • Edition Notes

    Cover title.

    Statementby F.S. Lister and E. Taylor.
    SeriesSouth African institute for medical research -- no.12
    ContributionsTaylor, Edward.
    The Physical Object
    Paginationp. [391]-415 :
    Number of Pages415
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL18686348M
    LC Control Number38000278

    Authorization was given for (a) experimental trial of an influenza vaccine should the vaccine of promise be available and a suitable opportunity arise; (b) studies of the efficacy of respiratory masks; (c) laboratory studies of materials and samples collected in the field bearing on the etiology, epidemiology, and immunology of influenza and its complications.   An outbreak, or epidemic, occurs when there are more cases of disease than would normally be expected in a specific time and place. The disease may be something doctors have already seen before just in a new form or abnormally high numbers, such as foodborne or healthcare-associated infections, or it may be an emerging disease that we don’t.

    Background Although investigations have shown that closing live poultry markets (LPMs) is highly effective in controlling human influenza A (H7N9) infections, many of the urban LPMs were shut down. Board for the Investigation and Control of Influenza and Other Epidemic Diseases in the Army Interim Report May January The following is a brief summary of the activities of the Commission of the Board for the Investigation and Control of Influenza and Other Epidemic Diseases in the Army since its last meeting on May ,

    For some further background - you may enjoy a BBC documentary called Shock and Awe - The History of Electricity. Watching the video would be a nice companion to Invisible Rainbow. But, the book goes MUCH further and is more broad-minded. Someday, this profound book will be sought after by millions and millions around our world/5(66). The to H1N1 influenza pandemic is among the most deadly events in recorded human history, having killed an estimated 50 to million persons. Recent H5N1 avian influenza epizootics associated with sporadic human fatalities have heightened concern that a new influenza pandemic, one at least as lethal as that of , could be early , a novel pandemic H1N1 influenza.


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Observations and experimental investigations in epidemic influenza by Lister, Spencer Sir Download PDF EPUB FB2

Free kindle book and epub digitized and proofread by Project Gutenberg. Studies on Epidemic Influenza: Comprising Clinical and Laboratory Investigations - Free Ebook Project Gutenberg. The observation made in the last epidemic—and one which can be endorsed during the present plague—is that influenza has been and is the most widespread, rapid and extensive of all diseases.

One thing also that attracts attention at the present time is the long period existing between the. Experimental and epidemiologic evidence indicates that variations of absolute humidity account for the onset and seasonal cycle of epidemic influenza in temperate by:   CDC has partnered with the U.S.

Department of Agriculture (USDA) and 4-H to develop “The Junior Disease Detectives: Operation Outbreak,” a graphic novel intended to educate youth audiences about variant flu and the real disease detective work conducted by public and animal health experts when outbreaks of infectious diseases occur.

This graphic novel follows a group of teenage 4. An influenza epidemic seems to have occurred in May,in Hong Kong, Shanghai, and elsewhere in China; but the epidemic was mild. These observations include isolated reports of serial outbreaks in the port of Shasi in Cited by: 6.

This theory is bolstered by recent observations of fatal cases of H5N1 infection in humans, experimental studies of H5N1 in macrophages, and other information on immunopathogenesis [54, 55], which suggests that human infection with influenza viruses, including the virus [56, 57], can result in excessive release of by:   In summary, these data illustrate the complex nature of the spread of viral infection.

Experimental and clinical observations may not always concur. Thus, development of infection-control policies that are strictly evidence based is difficult, if not by: A third study has shown that the dose of artificially aerosolised influenza required to cause human disease is lower than that required for intranasal inoculation.

28 A quasi-experimental study compared a cohort of college students with documented influenza A infection acquired naturally during three outbreaks, with healthy volunteers who had been intranasally inoculated with wild type influenza A viruses.

30 The experimentally infected Cited by: ODH Pandemic Influenza Preparedness & Response Plan 3/15/06 Second Draft Ohio Department of Health Pandemic Influenza Preparedness and Response Plan The threat of an influenza pandemic is not as much a question of if, but rather a question of when.

The H1N1 flu virus caused the deadliest pandemic of the 20th century. To better understand this deadly virus, an expert group of researchers and virus hunters set out to search for the lost virus, sequence its genome, recreate the virus in a highly safe and regulated laboratory setting at CDC, and ultimately study its secrets to better prepare for future pandemics.

Most information on transmission of influenza viruses is based on older experimental studies, inference from observations during outbreaks, and studies with other objectives, especially the assessment of vaccine or drug efficacy.

These sources have substantial limitations: investigations often used different methods, involved. Includes bibliographical references History and epidemiology of epidemic influenza / James I. Johnston -- A clinical description of influenza as it appeared in the epidemic of / J.A. Lichty -- The urine and blood in epidemic influenza / P.I.

Zeedick -- The treatment of influenza / W.W.G. Maclachlan -- The prevention of epidemic influenza with special reference to vaccine prophylaxis. OCLC Number: Description: pages, 17 leaves of plates (some folded): illustrations, map (some color) ; 27 cm. Contents: History and epidemiology of epidemic influenza / James I.

Johnston --A clinical description of influenza as it appeared in the epidemic of / J.A. Lichty --The urine and blood in epidemic influenza / P.I. Zeedick --The treatment of influenza / W.W.G. From time to time new communicable diseases such as Lassa fever, legionnaires' disease, and, most recently, AIDS appear in epidemic form.

Communicable disease outbreaks. In outbreaks of common communicable diseases such as gastroenteritis and hepatitis appropriate investigations must be.

The chapters in this topical volume of Advances in Microbiology, Infectious Diseases and Public Health present exciting, insightful observations on emerging viral infections like influenza, Middle East respiratory syndrome, or mosquito-transmitted diseases, as well as the potential of social media in preventing and fighting infectious diseases.

-Applied experimental methods to identify that eating citrus fruits were effective remedies for scurvy among sailors at sea -Also made clinical observations, used experimental design, asked classical epidemiological questions, observed the population changes and its effect on disease, and considered sources of causation, including place, time.

Influenza is an acute viral infection of the respiratory tract that spreads easily from person to person. Influenza is usually self limiting in healthy individuals, with recovery in days. Elderly people, children under 6 months old, pregnant women, and people with chronic conditions or immunosuppression are at increased risk of complications.

Clinical observations on influenza. Author(s): Fantus, Bernard, Publication: Chicago: American Medical Association, c Language(s): English Format: Text View Book Download. Book (PDF) OCR (Text) Metadata (Dublin Core) U.S. National Library of Medicine. Rockville Pike Bethesda, MD Sitemap.

Leichtenstern proposed a tripartite division of influenza types: pandemic influenza vera (the disease that occurred in great global outbreaks), endemic-epidemic influenza vera (the disease having the same cause but which occurred in smaller outbreaks following a pandemic), and endemic influenza nostras (pseudo-influenza due to different causes).

3 (p. ) Both Osler and Lord passed on this Cited by:   By Jim Harris. You may not like getting your flu shot, but you should. On Janu the U.S. Centers for Disease Control declared that seasonal influenza had reached an epidemic level and the number of cases of flu has continued to rise since.

So far, during of the influenza “season,” the CDC has collected reports oftotal cases of influenza across the United. Influenza is an acute respiratory illness, caused by influenza A, B, and C viruses, that occurs in local outbreaks or seasonal epidemics. Clinical illness follows a short incubation period and presentation ranges from asymptomatic to fulminant, depending on the characteristics of both the virus and the individual host.

Influenza A viruses can also cause sporadic infections or spread worldwide.History. The strain of virus that caused the pandemic, influenza A virus subtype H2N2, was a recombination of avian influenza (probably from geese) and human influenza viruses.

As it was a novel strain of the virus, there was minimal immunity in the population. The first cases were reported in Guizhou in late or Februaryand were reported in the neighboring province of Yunnan before.Influenza Report is a medical textbook that provides a comprehensive overview of epidemic and pandemic influenza (download PDF).Influenza Report has also been published in Albanian, Chinese, Croatian, German, Indonesian, Italian, Mongolian, Serbian, and Slovenian.

To be informed about new chapters or editions, please subscribe to the Influenza Report Alert.